Permissive parenting styles represent one of four types of parenting that psychologists recognize. Understanding what the permissive parenting definition is, learning your parenting style and making adjustments can help you make better parenting choices as you relate to your children.
What Is Permissive Parenting?
Permissive parenting by definition is a lax method of parenting wherein the mother, father or caregiver behaves toward the child in a non-punishing, approving, and affirmative way. Other traits of permissive parenting include:
- They believe they are focusing on love instead of limitations.
- They are often driven by the need for their children's approval, or to be their children's friends.
- They place few restrictions, responsibilities or demands on their children.
- They respond to their children's desires whenever they arise.
- They often "give in" to their children's wishes, hesitating on boundaries as soon as their child protests, gets angry, throws a tantrum, or expresses disapproval in some way.
- They believe that by giving in to their child's desires, they are showing them love.
- Their goal is often to avoid conflict with their children, and their manner with their children is often warm, nurturing and supportive.
Yet, despite the good intentions with permissive parenting, problems occur when they fail to set appropriate boundaries for their children.
Characteristics of Permissive Parents
Parents engaging in the permissive parenting style are characterized by certain behaviors. Permissive parents might display the following behaviors:
- Boundaries are not clear and tend to be fluid and enforced only in the face of no opposition.
- Express unwillingness to curb their child's creativity or autonomy, even when a behavior is detrimental.
- "Give in" to their child in the face of a temper tantrum or other expression of disapproval.
- Often identify their children as their best friends.
- Have an "anything goes" type of attitude.
- Often seem overwhelmed by their children.
- State desired behaviors as requests rather than as expectations.
- Ignore misconduct.
- Do not express expectations or help a child expect anything of him or herself.
- Do not apply discipline or logical consequences, or apply them inconsistently.
- Use any means necessary to obtain compliance, such as bribery.
- Allow children to manipulate them to get what they want, or allow children to play one parent against the other.
- Feel that their children take them for granted.
- Do not require their children to do chores.
- Have a peer relationship with their offspring rather than a parent-child relationship.
Many parents feel that permissive parenting is a positive method of raising their children while others shake their heads in dismay at the idea of giving in to their children's wants.
Issues Surrounding Permissive Parenting
While permissive parents feel that they are winning their children's love via their leniency, this type of parenting may generate unintended results. Children need to know what to expect, and in an overly lenient household where very few boundaries or logical consequences exist, children lack the consistency required in their lives for security. Setting clear boundaries provides consistency that allows children to feel secure. When children function within determined boundaries, they develop a sense of pride, self-esteem, and citizenship within the family. Children in permissive households may also learn behaviors that do not serve them well in adulthood, such as manipulative behavior, lacking a sense of self-discipline, and an inability to cope with authority.
Permissive Parenting Pros and Cons
There are both positive and negatives when it comes to this parenting style:
Proponents of permissive parenting are accustomed to arguing their points and singing the praises of this parenting method. While some practice permissiveness simply because they aren't familiar with any other type of parenting, others make an active choice to parent in this manner, and they cite the following reasons why:
- The focus on love. These parents feel that limiting their children is to deny them a strong, emotional, bonding love.
- The encouragement of creativity. Some feel that limitations can restrict creativity, and permissive parenting allows a child to become more creative and free-thinking.
- The 'friend relationship'. The permissive parent often chooses this method of parenting because they believe that it is important to be a child's friend instead of his parent.
- The lack of conflict. These parents typically avoid conflict with their children.
While there are many parents who choose to be permissive with their children, there are others who strongly oppose this theory. They cite the following reasons for their belief that permissive parenting can actually harm a child which include:
- The loss of control. Opponents feel that parents run the risk of losing control of their children with this type of parenting.
- There's no motivation. Others feel that a child who has too much freedom simply drifts from one action to another, without any real focus or direction.
- Pushing the limits. Some feel that giving a child too much permission will encourage him to push the limits, no matter how small, that have been set by the parent, teachers, or society, eventually eliminating any limitations at all.
- The power struggle. Once a parent decides to walk away from his or her permissiveness and attempts to make a change, a power struggle with the child may ensue.
Is Permissive Parenting Neglectful
Permissive parenting itself is not necessarily neglectful. Those who practice permissive parenting do interact with and respond to their children. They would never ignore or neglect their children. They are very loving and nurturing even though they may be lenient and inconsistent with rules and structure. However, due to this lack of structure, the children may grow up without a sense of self-control and very little self-discipline.
Statistics on Permissive Parenting
The following are a few interesting statistics regarding permissive parenting:
- Children raised by permissive parents utilize more than 4 hours of TV or other electronic devices which is 5 times more than children raised by other parenting styles.
- Underage teens raised by permissive parents are 3 times more likely to consume alcohol due to lack of discipline.
- Almost 25 percent of children in Canada are raised by the permissive style of parenting.
What Do Studies Say About Permissive Parenting?
Permissive parenting styles show more conflicting results in research about children's emotional and behavioral states than any other parenting style. One study, for instance, shows that children of permissive parents have very low self-esteem compared to their peers, while another study shows that they have high self-esteem. One reason this may be is because permissiveness closely resembles the "gold standard" in parenting: authoritative parenting. Both types are characterized by warmth, nurturing, and responsiveness to the child's needs and desires; however, permissive parenting is typically characterized by a lack of boundaries, while authoritative parents set clear, firm boundaries. Due to permissive parenting's lack of boundaries, this style of parenting has also been linked to deviant peer affiliations and delinquent behaviors according to a recent study. The results of permissive parenting style studies also vary a great deal among cultures, suggesting that what is considered permissive in one country may actually fall closer to the lines of authoritative parenting in another region.
Regardless of studies, children gain a sense of security, discipline, and self-worth when parents set understandable and consistent boundaries that lead to logical consequences when breached. By setting clear boundaries, you can help your children grow into self-sufficient and disciplined adults. While your personality type may at first lead you towards being a permissive parent, your children may benefit from you adapting your style into a more authoritative type of parent.