Hurricanes are powerful storms that start in warm ocean waters. While hurricanes are natural disasters known to leave people homeless and cause a lot of damage, there are other interesting facts about these unique severe storms.
1. Hurricanes Produce Tornadoes
As if the waves and winds aren't bad enough, when a hurricane hits land, it can produce tornadoes. According to Dr. Greg Forbes, 20 percent of tornadoes are caused by hurricanes in the U.S. in the month of August. This can go up to 50 percent in September; however, most of the tornadoes hurricanes cause are weak and don't last long on land.
2. Hurricanes Lose Power Over Land
Hurricanes need water to thrive. So, when they hit land, they don't have the energy coming from the ocean anymore. This means the hurricane will start to break up and slowly die. So if you live in Nebraska or another land-locked state, there's no need to worry about a hurricane.
3. One of the Worst Hurricanes Happened in 1780
The Great Hurricane happened in 1780 in the Caribbean islands, and it is assumed it made landfall in Barbados. While the point of origin isn't known, it did kill more than 20,000 people, making it one of the deadliest storms.
4. Hurricanes and Typhoons Are Both Tropical Cyclones
A tropical cyclone is a spinning storm that starts over warm water. A hurricane and a typhoon are a type of tropical cyclone. The only difference between the two is the ocean they start on. For example, hurricanes start over the North Atlantic, Northeast Pacific, and South Pacific Oceans, while typhoons originate over the Northwest Pacific Ocean.
5. The Eye of a Hurricane Is Calm
The entire hurricane revolves around the eye of the storm. This means the winds circle around the eye, so the winds in the eye of the storm are rather calm. When the eye comes over, it is kind of like having a small break from the wind.
6. Hurricanes Spin Different Ways Depending on Where You Are
While you might think all hurricanes would spin the same way, this is simply untrue. Hurricanes spin in different directions depending on where they start. So, hurricanes in the Southern Hemisphere spin clockwise while those in the Northern Hemisphere spin counterclockwise.
7. Hurricanes Will Spin Around Each Other
It would make sense that when two hurricanes collide, they would join together to create a big storm. However, instead they dance around each other. This is called the Fujiwhara Effect. If the storms are of similar size and intensity, they might just spin around each other before going on their separate ways. If one is much bigger, however, it might absorb the smaller one.
8. Hurricanes Need Heat and Water to Form
Hurricane seasons are only when the water is warm, and there is a very specific reason for this. Hurricanes need warm ocean water and moist air above the ocean to form.
9. Hurricanes Can Reach Speeds of Over 157 mph
At its most dangerous, a hurricane's wind speed can exceed 157 mph. This is faster than some cars go in races. This is why hurricanes can cause so much damage to areas of land that they hit.
10. Hurricanes Come in Categories
There are five different categories that hurricanes come in. The type of category they fall into depends on the speed of the winds.
- Category 1: Up to 95 mph
- Category 2: Up to 110 mph
- Category 3: Up to 129 mph
- Category 4: Up to 156 mph
- Category 5: Anything over 157 mph
11. Hurricanes Were Once Named After Real People
Clement Wragge is the meteorologist credited with naming hurricanes, but he got into a little trouble when he started naming bad storms after political figures he didn't like. In the 1940s, it became popular to name storms after important people like wives and girlfriends. Could you imagine naming a storm after your mom?
Most Dangerous Storms
There are a lot of different storms caused by weather, but a hurricane is one of the deadliest. It is a powerful storm that starts over the ocean and sometimes hits land. It can wreak a lot of havoc, kind of like your brother or sister.