Whether you are a teacher or a parent, helping preschoolers master listening skills is no small feat. Aside from encouraging preschoolers to focus, teaching them to listen and develop auditory skills can pay great dividends down the road.
Fun Activities to Help Kids Listen
When you're thinking about activities that promote listening, the first thing to remember is that there is a difference between "listening" and "hearing." Anyone with functioning eardrums will hear things, but that does not mean that they pay attention to them or understand them. Listening, on the other hand, is a skill that takes some effort, interaction, and practice. These activities will help your child learn and practice this important skill.
This game requires only a blindfold to play. You can play with one child or groups of two. The goal of the game is to start in one corner of the yard and make it all the way around the perimeter without bumping into anything. Blindfold the child and then give him instructions to keep him from bumping into anything. Directions should be simple, such as "walk forward," "stop" and "two steps right." Unless the child listens carefully, he may bump into something.
Round Robin Story
Sit children or family members in a circle and explain that each person will add one sentence to the story around and around until the story is complete. Good starters include phrases like "Once upon a time," "She couldn't believe it, but..." and "Nothing like that had ever happened before." The adult should start the story, and then go around the circle clockwise with each person adding a sentence to the story. Children must listen carefully to know what happened before in the story and be able to add to it in a way that makes sense.
Start and Stop
For this activity, you'll need a bell and a whistle. Explain to your child that when he hears the bell, he should walk and when he hears the whistle he should stop walking. You could also substitute other activities in place of walking, such as dancing, skipping or doing jumping jacks. The goal is for the child to listen carefully to the two different sounds, so he knows which direction to follow.
This activity can be played with one or more children. Simply form a circle for larger groups. Sit across from your child, and instruct him to copy what you do and say. Here are some different things you can do for your child to mimic:
- Clap your hands twice
- Sing a line from a simple song like "Mary Had a Little Lamb"
- Stomp your feet
- Snap your fingers
- Make an animal sound
- Click your tongue
Tell your child he must mimic you exactly. This will get him to pay attention to how many claps, stomps and snaps.
For this activity you'll need a box of colored sidewalk chalk. Your child will need to know his colors and preferably shapes as well. You can adapt the items accordingly. For example, if he only knows colors, then draw all circles in different colors. If he knows numbers, draw some of the colors in a particular number. Find a large, safe concrete play area, such as a patio. If you use your driveway, place orange cones to keep cars from driving up while your child is playing, and pay careful attention to the street. Draw each of the following at least three feet apart:
- Blue circle
- Purple square
- Blue triangle
- Pink rectangle
Have your child start in the center of the shapes and call out directions. Start simple, such as:
- Go to the pink rectangle.
- Walk around the purple square.
If your child picks up on those cues easily, then add some more detailed instructions that require listening and applying more than one step. Examples:
- Walk around the purple square, run to the blue circle and jump three times.
- Touch the pink rectangle, run to the blue triangle and skip to the blue circle.
Benefits of Listening Activities
According to LearningThroughListening, students with good listening skills tend to do better in school. Learning to listen is a skill that really isn't taught to school-age children, so instilling this important concept in your preschooler can give him a head start before he begins a formal education. In addition, teaching your preschooler good listening skills can help him interact better with others now as he will understand more clearly what others expect of him.